Twelve cases of Canine Influenza Virus H3N2 have been confirmed at the University of Florida, School of Veterinary Medicine within the last few weeks. The confirmed cases were among dogs in attendance at dog shows in Deland, Florida and Perry, Georgia.
This virus is highly contagious.
CLINICAL SIGNS INCLUDE: coughing, sneezing, nasal discharge and lethargy ,and may last up to two weeks. Although clinical signs in most patients resolve, some cases progress to pneumonia.
The virus incubates after exposure, with clinical signs occurring within approximately 7 days. Affected dogs are considered contagious and shed the virus for up to 4 weeks.
Dr. Cynda Crawford, DVM, PhD at the University of Florida, School of Veterinary Medicine believes that dogs in the state of Florida face an “imminent threat.” “There is substantial risk for exposure.” (Please see Dr. Crawford’s statement in the link below).
IS MY PET AT RISK?
Dogs at highest risk are those that attend dog shows, but the virus may also spread to other pets outside of the show community.
If you travel with your dog or if your dog attends doggie daycare or is kenneled there is an increased risk. Any routine contact that your dog has with other dogs puts him/her at risk.
AM I AT RISK?
The CIV H3N2 is not contagious to humans, although it can be contagious to cats!
There is a vaccine available for the H3N2 Canine Influenza Virus. The vaccine will not prevent the disease completely, but will decrease morbidity/illness associated with the virus.
Ideally, the best prevention is a vaccination which is boosted three weeks after initial vaccination. The vaccine series should be completed two weeks prior to anticipated boarding.
SIDE EFFECTS AND IMMUNITY
Side effects of the CIV H3N2 vaccine are generally minimal. Vaccination is presumed to convey immunity for one year.
Please see the link below for more information on Canine Influenza Virus H3N2